Health & Wellness

24 Signs of a Concussion to Be Aware of

24 Signs of a Concussion to Be Aware of Posted On
Posted By Emma Aaron

Causes of Concussion

A concussion is caused by the head receiving a direct blow or bump.

Your brain is made of soft tissue and is cushioned by spinal fluid and encased in the skull to protect it. But when you receive a blow or bump to your head, the impact can jolt your brain around. 

Common causes of concussions include falls, playing contact-sport, and road accidents, but there are countless incidents in which concussions can potentially occur. 

Concussions can sometimes be difficult to diagnose because they cannot be seen. While signs and symptoms of concussions are most usually apparent immediately, it is not uncommon for signs and symptoms to appear days or even weeks after the injury. And while some symptoms can last for just a few seconds or minutes, other symptoms can linger longer. 

What to Do if You Experience a Concussion

If you suspect you have a concussion, you should visit a doctor. 

Even if no symptoms are apparent, it is important you are assessed by a professional. After all, although not common, you could potentially have life-threatening complications like brain bleeds. 

It could be beneficial to see a concussion specialist, who will know precisely how to test for concussion and be able to provide more extensive testing than routine concussion tests. By getting advice from a specialist, you can receive the right treatment and gain guidance on the recovery process.

Types of Concussions

As previously mentioned, concussions can range in seriousness. Medical professionals grade the severity of concussions based on signs like loss of consciousness, loss of equilibrium, and memory loss. 

They classify concussions into three grades of severity:

  • Grade One involves mild symptoms that last less than fifteen minutes and do not involve a loss of consciousness.
  • Grade Two involves moderate symptoms that last longer than fifteen minutes and do not involve a loss of consciousness
  • Grade Three involves a loss of consciousness, even if the person is only unconscious for a few seconds. 

Signs of a Concussion

Signs of a concussion can be either observed or reported. Observable signs are ones that can be seen, while reported signs are those that are relayed by the person who has been injured. 

Here are some of the most common signs for each category.

Observed Concussion Signs 

Observed concussion signs include:

  1. Appearing dazed or stunned.
  2. Being unable to recall the events prior to the injury.
  3. Moving clumsily.
  4. Answering questions slowly.
  5. Displaying changes in mood or behavior.
  6. Forgetting instructions.
  7. Being confused.
  8. Losing consciousness.

Reported Concussion Signs 

Reported concussion signs include:

  1. A headache, or feeling pressure on the head.
  2. Dizziness or balance problems.
  3. Blurred or double vision.
  4. Sensitivity to light or noise.
  5. Feeling hazy or sluggish. 
  6. Nausea or vomiting.
  7. Memory problems.
  8. Feeling down. 

Signs of Danger

Other signs can point towards a concussion that is much more dangerous. They include:

  1. Drowsiness or the inability to wake up.
  2. Slurred speech.
  3. Weakness or numbness.
  4. Decreased coordination.
  5. A headache that worsens and does not go away.
  6. One pupil appears larger than the other.
  7. Repeated vomiting or nausea.
  8. Convulsions or seizures.

Final Thoughts

Take note of the above twenty-four signs of a concussion in case your head is impacted by a blow or bump or you are with someone who experiences such an injury. You will then have an idea of the severity. But regardless, when a concussion occurs, seek advice from a medical professional.

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