A concussion is caused by the head receiving a direct blow or bump.
The delicate tissue that makes up your brain is linked by spinal fluid and enclosed in the skull for protection. However, the impact of a hit or bump to the head might knock your brain out of place.
Common causes of concussions include falls, playing contact-sport, and road accidents, but there are countless incidents in which concussions can potentially occur.
Concussions can sometimes be difficult to diagnose because they cannot be seen. While signs and symptoms of concussions are most usually apparent immediately, it is not uncommon for signs and symptoms to appear days or even weeks after the injury. And while some symptoms can last for just a few seconds or minutes, others can linger longer.
What to Do if You Experience a Concussion
If you suspect you have concussion, you should visit a doctor.
Even if no symptoms are apparent, it is important you are assessed by a professional. After all, although not common, you could potentially have life-threatening complications like brain bleeds.
It could be beneficial to see a concussion specialist, who will know precisely how to test for concussion and be able to provide more extensive testing than routine concussion tests. By getting advice from a specialist, you can receive the right treatment and gain guidance on the recovery process.
Types of Concussions
As previously mentioned, concussions can range in seriousness. Medical professionals grade the severity of concussions based on signs like loss of consciousness, equilibrium, and memory loss.
They classify concussions into three grades of severity:
- Grade One involves mild symptoms that last less than fifteen minutes and do not involve a loss of consciousness.
- Grade Two involves moderate symptoms that last longer than fifteen minutes and do not involve a loss of consciousness.
- Grade Three involves a loss of consciousness, even if the person is only unconscious for a few seconds.
Signs of a Concussion
Signs of a concussion can be either observed or reported. Observable signs are ones that can be seen, while reported signs are those that are relayed by the person who has been injured.
Here are some of the most common signs for each category.
Observed Concussion Signs
Observed concussion signs include:
- Appearing dazed or stunned.
- Being unable to recall the events prior to the injury.
- Moving clumsily.
- Answering questions slowly.
- Displaying changes in mood or behavior.
- Forgetting instructions.
- Being confused.
- Losing consciousness.
Reported Concussion Signs
Reported concussion signs include:
- A headache, or feeling pressure on the head.
- Dizziness or balance problems.
- Blurred or double vision.
- Sensitivity to light or noise.
- Feeling hazy or sluggish.
- Nausea or vomiting.
- Memory problems.
- Feeling down.
Signs of Danger
Other signs can point towards a concussion that is much more dangerous. They include:
- Drowsiness or being unable to awake
- Slurred speech.
- Weakness or numbness.
- Decreased coordination.
- Extreme headache
- One pupil appears larger than the other.
- frequent difficulty breathing
- migraines or convulsions.
Take note of the above twenty-four signs of a concussion in case your head is impacted by a blow or bump or you are with someone who experiences such an injury. You will then have an idea of the severity. But regardless, when a concussion occurs, seek advice from a medical professional.
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